Alcohol use and high BMI key risk factors in India’s cancer deaths | India News

NEW DELHI: Smoking, alcohol use, high BMI (Body mass Index) and other known risk factors were responsible for more than 37% of cancer deaths in India in 2019, according to a new study published in the journal Cancer. Lancet.
Globally, 44.4% (4.5 million) of cancer deaths are attributable to risk factors, the study said. Estimates are based on the Global Burden of Disease, Injury and Risk Factors Report, 2019.

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According to the study, almost half (50.6%) of all cancer deaths in men globally in 2019 (2.8 million) were due to known risk factors, compared with 36, 3% of all cancer deaths in women (1.5 million) are due to these factors.
Christopher Murray, director of Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation “Smoking continues to be the leading risk factor for cancer globally, with other significant contributing factors to the burden of cancer,” said the study. different cancers”.
In the study, the researchers investigated 34 behaviors, metabolicallyOccupational and environmental risk factors contributed to mortality and ill health from 23 types of cancer in 2019. Changes in cancer burden from 2010 to 2019 due to risk factors were also reported. evaluate.
They found that the leading global risk factors for cancer death and poor health for both sexes were smoking, alcohol use and a high BMI.
The leading cause of cancer death by risk for both men and women globally is cancer of the trachea, bronchus and lung, accounting for 36.9% of all cancer deaths due to risk factors. muscle.
This was followed by colon and rectal cancer (13.3%), esophageal cancer (9.7%), stomach cancer (6.6%), and cervical cancer (17. 9%), colon and rectal cancer (15.8%), and breast cancer (11%).
Between 2010 and 2019, cancer death rates due to risk factors increased by 20.4% globally, increasing from 3.7 million to 4.45 million. Cancer morbidity increased 16.8% year-on-year, from 89.9 million to 105 million DALYs (Defect in adjusting the years of life), the Lancet statement said. Metabolic risk was responsible for the largest increase in deaths from cancer and ill health, with deaths increasing by 34.7% (6,43,000 deaths in 2010 to 865,000 deaths in 2010). 2019) and DALYs increased by 33.3% (14.6 million cases in 2010 to 19.4 million cases in 2019), it added.

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