All rural workers deserve social protection coverage: New ILO report |
This is of particular concern to those with precarious working conditions, including informal, casual, temporary and subcontracted and day workers, who accounts for the majority of labor on agricultural plantations, presented in the study: Severe job deficit in rural labor.
Based on 16 case studies covering 15 countries in Africa, Asia, Central Asia, Europe and Latin America, the report found that Deficits in working conditions are found in every sector and in relation to all the fundamental elements covered by the framework of ILO‘S Good job stats.
It shows that child and forced labor and debt are still a reality for many people around the world.
Up to 95% of children in hazardous work are in agricultureespecially in the cocoa, palm oil and tobacco sectors.
And forced labor is implicated in many ways in which workers depend on employers.
“Many of these workers are young and drop out of school very early with little or no skills training. Maria Helena André, ILO Director at the ACTRAV Office, said in the report’s introduction, the transition from education to employment is difficult, if not impossible, for many young people. in rural areas.
About 80% of the world’s poor live in rural areas, many of whom face severe underemployment, including insecurity, low wages, instability and insecurity, and working hours are too long – with women and young workers hardest hit.
And women are disproportionately represented in the most precarious positions; The report reveals that low-wage, low-skill jobs are accepted, subject to large gender pay disparities, and are more vulnerable to harassment and abuse in the workplace than male workers.
The report also describes how exposure to chemicals can pose serious health and other risks to agricultural workers, especially children, pregnant women and breastfeeding.
The ILO official explains: “Most rural workers are active in the informal economy, including a large proportion of women in unpaid care work, who are not entitled to maternity leave and other essential protective measures.
Find the solution
“Rural workers have many aspirations,’ she said, adding that recognizing them was ‘a huge challenge’.
To address these job deficits, the ACTRAV report makes several recommendations, including strengthening labor management in rural economies as well as formalizing informal enterprises and arranging employment. do.
It also calls for improving the presence and capacity in rural economies of trade unions and other grassroots workers’ organizations and the ratification and compliance of ILO Convention and other International labor standards
Good job advocates the integration of rural economic sectors into formal and institutionalized social dialogue, in addition to strengthening crisis response and social protection capacity in the rural economy.
Finally, it highlights the need for more research and policy analysis to better understand and meet the needs and expectations of rural workers.
André emphasized: “The economic, development, trade and investment, employment and social protection policies of countries must become more ambitious, as should their frameworks for equitable transitions. to a greener economy and their labor market information systems”.