An increase in tuberculosis cases to India haunts
about 31% of the global burden. Over the past decade, children routinely accounted for 6-7% of all patients treated under NTEP annually, indicating a 4-5% gap in total notifications from the estimated prevalence.
The National TB prevalence survey in India was conducted from 2019 to 2021 to know the actual disease burden of TB at the national level. The survey, conducted 60 years after the first national survey in 1955-1958, estimated the prevalence of microbiologically confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis among people aged 15 years and over. up at the national level and for 20 individual states and groups of states.
It has revealed that the prevalence of microbiologically confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis among people aged 15 years and over in India is 316 per 100,000 population – with the highest prevalence of 534 per thousand in Delhi and The lowest prevalence is 115 per ten thousand in Kerala, while the prevalence of all forms of tuberculosis in all age groups in India is 312 per 100,000 population.
According to the survey, the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis among adults in India is 2.84, while the prevalence of tuberculosis among the population aged 15 years and over is 31.7%. A higher incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis was observed in older age groups, men, undernourished, smokers, alcoholics and patients with known diabetes.
Talking to IANS, Dr. Kabir Sardana, Professor at Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, said: “Tuberculosis and leprosy have been common in India since the beginning. But in the past two years, all the focus has been on the disease. The focus is on Covid-19 so these two common illnesses are gone. are properly diagnosed and so it is seen on the rise.”
Since tuberculosis and leprosy are reported diseases, by law, any private doctor cannot treat them, and patients only need to be referred to a government center.
Regarding the survey results showing that Delhi has the highest TB incidence, Dr Sardana said that it is not because Delhi has the highest number of patients but because of the specialist centers and diagnostic tests available here. .
Dr Sharad Joshi, Associate Director, Electrical Pulse Department at Max Hospital, told IANS that “tuberculosis has reached alarming levels in India and it is evident that millions of people are being diagnosed with interstitial lung disease (ILD). , is a matter of great concern”.
The survey also noted that the significant burden of TB in India is due to the dual existence of food insecurity and undernutrition, highlighting the need to facilitate support. nutrition for TB patients.
However, the government says it is committed to eliminating TB by 2025, five years ahead of the SDG target.
“We are determined and committed to achieve the Prime Minister’s vision of eliminating TB by 2025, five years ahead of the SDG TB target by 2030. Through active efforts of all countries and the unwavering direction of our country’s leader’s program “The program has thrived through challenging times,” said Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya. on Thursday while speaking at the ‘STEP To End Tuberculosis 2022’ summit on World TB Day.