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Carlos the Jackal Fast Facts



Father: José Altagracia Ramírez Navas, a Marxist, millionaire lawyer

Mom: Elba Maria Sánchez

Marriages: Isabelle Coutant-Peyre (2001-present); Lana Jarrar; Magdalena Kopp (divorced)

Kids: with Magdalena Kopp: Elba Rosa, 1986; with mom unnamed: one son; with two unnamed moms: two daughters

Training: Patrice Lumumba College in Moscow 1968-1970, expelled

Faith: Transformed to Islam within the early Nineties

Different Information

His father named him after Vladmir IIyich Lenin.

Reportedly financed at occasions by each Saddam Hussein and Moammar Gadhafi.

Has taken credit score for greater than 80 murders.

His nickname, given to him by the media, got here from a fictional terrorist within the 1971 Frederick Forsyth novel, “The Day of the Jackal.”

Timeline

Early Seventies – Joins the Widespread Entrance for the Liberation of Palestine.

December 1973 Shoots and wounds Joseph Edward Sieff, the president of the Marks and Spencer retail chain, in Sieff’s London dwelling.

January 1975Twice makes an attempt to launch rocket-propelled grenades at Israeli airliners at Orly Airport in France, however is unsuccessful.

June 27, 1975 Kills two French secret brokers and a fellow revolutionary.

December 21-29, 1975 – Takes 60-70 hostages at an OPEC assembly in Vienna. Most are launched shortly afterward. Nevertheless, a bunch of 11 hostages and several other terrorists depart Austria by aircraft and makes a number of stops in North Africa. Though Ramirez’s directions have been to kill the Saudi Arabian oil minister and the Iranian inside minister, everyone seems to be launched alive after a $50 million ransom is paid.

April 22, 1982 Masterminds a Paris automobile bombing that kills one and injures 63.

1993 – Is expelled from Syria, the place he has been dwelling because the early Eighties.
August 14, 1994 – Is captured by French brokers in Khartoum, Sudan.

December 23, 1997 – Is convicted and sentenced to life in jail for the 1975 killing of two French secret brokers and a Lebanese revolutionary.

June 26, 2003Publishes a ebook, “Revolutionary Islam,” which praises Osama bin Laden.

March 2007Wins an attraction of a 5,000 Euro advantageous levied in opposition to him for feedback made in a 2004 documentary. He was initially discovered responsible of defending terrorism for saying, “In a authorized warfare, we’re licensed to take life if obligatory.” The Appeals Courtroom guidelines that his feedback have been taken out of context.

Might 2007 French anti-terrorism Decide Jean-Louis Bruguiere orders Ramirez to face trial for bombings that occurred in France in 1982 and 1983. Eleven individuals have been killed and greater than 100 injured within the assaults.

November 7, 2011 – Trial begins in Paris.
December 15, 2011 – Discovered responsible of killing 11 individuals in bomb assaults within the Eighties. He’s sentenced to another life term in jail.

June 26, 2013 – A French appeals court docket upholds his second life sentence.

October 7, 2014 – It’s introduced Ramirez will stand trial for a 1974 grenade assault in Paris which killed two and injured 34.

March 28, 2017 – Receives third life sentence for the 1974 assault in Paris.

March 15, 2018 – A French appeals court docket upholds his third life sentence.

September 23, 2021 – A felony court docket in Paris confirms his life sentence.



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