Scientists have found a brand new species that they are saying is the oldest carnivorous dinosaur discovered within the U.Ok. — a chicken-sized relative of the Tyrannosaurus Rex referred to as Pendraig milnerae.
In keeping with a Wednesday article within the journal Royal Society Open Science, Pendraig milnerae are a “new small-sized coelophysoid theropod from the Late Triassic of Wales” and roamed the U.Ok. over 200 million years in the past. Theropods are two-legged carnivores with hole bones and three-toed ft, together with the T. Rex.
Pendraig means “chief dragon” in outdated Welsh.
The fossilized stays of Pendraig milnerae had been dug up within the Fifties from a Welsh mine within the city of Pant-y-ffynnon.
At first, scientists mistook the fossils with these of an already-identified dinosaur species then often known as Syntarsus, however reidentification of many Syntarsus dinosaurs demanded a brand new have a look at the forgotten Welsh fossils, the Pure Historical past Museum in London stated in a press launch.
“There is no such thing as a apparent character that set this species aside. It has a sure mixture of a number of characters which can be distinctive amongst its group, which confirmed to us it was clearly a brand new species,” stated research writer Stephan Spiekman.
Scientists stated they have no idea if the fossils are small as a result of they’re from a juvenile, or that it’s a small grownup specimen partially due to a dwarfism impact noticed in some island-dwelling fossils.
Pendraig milnerae is called after Dr. Angela Milner, a paleontology skilled and pioneering determine on the Pure Historical past Museum who died in August.
Milner helped relocate the specimens — lengthy thought misplaced — that led to the invention of the brand new species, senior paleontology researcher Susannah Maidment stated.
“She discovered it in a drawer of crocodile materials, and she or he should have had the specimen in her thoughts’s eye from when she had beforehand seemed by way of it. This paper wouldn’t have been attainable with out her,” Maidment stated within the assertion from the museum.