Childhood risk factors predict heart attack in adulthood

“Despite the impact of medical care and surgery on heart disease treatment, the main impact will depend on prevention strategies,” said Professor Terence Dwyer, senior study author on the Murdoch study. This study confirms that prevention should start in childhood.

“Longitudinal studies like these have been hampered by the lack of comprehensive childhood data on body measurements, blood pressure and lipids, and failure to follow up at the ages when cardiovascular disease becomes common.

“Studying the early effects of life on disease has always been too difficult to put together. But the i3C researchers accepted the challenge because we knew the potential benefits to human health. can be very substantial in the end.”

The study involved 38,589 participants from Australia, Finland and the US, who were followed aged 3-19 years for a period of 35-50 years.

Professor Dwyer said the study found that five risk factors, individually or in combination, present in childhood were predictors of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events.

The results, published in New England Journal of Medicine, found that more than half of the children studied had an adult risk of cardiovascular events, with some having a risk nine times higher than those with below-average risk factors.

Professor Dwyer said “while this evidence has not been previously available, the findings are not entirely surprising as it has long been known that children under the age of 5 show early signs of fatty deposits. This new evidence supports a greater emphasis on programs to prevent the development of these risk factors in children. should start focusing on how to best achieve this.

Source: Eurekalert

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