is when a person has trouble remembering, learning new things, concentrating, or making decisions that affect their daily life.
More than 16 million people in the United States are living with cognitive decline, and age is the biggest risk factor.
Cognitive impairment ranges from mild to severe and has been linked to Alzheimer’s disease, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.
Co-author Hertzel C. Gerstein, MD, of McMaster University in Hamilton, Canada, said: “Our study found that low scores on cognitive tests predict heart disease in people with diabetes and other cardiac risk factors.
“Although the explanation for this remains unclear, proven heart medications should be given to these patients to reduce their future risk of heart attack or stroke.”
Researchers evaluated the relationship between cognitive function and future cardiovascular events in 8,772 people with type 2 diabetes from the REWIND trial over 5 years of follow-up.
They found that people with the lowest levels of cognitive function had a higher risk of heart attack and stroke than those with higher levels of cognitive function.
People with severe cognitive impairment were 1.6 times more likely to have serious cardiovascular events and 1.8 times more likely to have a stroke or death than those without cognitive impairment. awake. These findings suggest that cognitive function can predict a person’s future risk of heart disease.