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COP26: Newly-formed alliance commits to ending oil and gas extraction

Denmark, France and Eire are among the many international locations pledging to finish oil and fuel manufacturing inside their borders, however large producers decline to affix

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11 November 2021

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A Danish oil rig. The nation has promised to not difficulty new oil and fuel licences

Jean Schweitzer vitality footage /Alamy

France, Sweden and Eire have joined a Denmark and Costa Rica-led alliance of nations dedicated to ending future oil and fuel manufacturing inside their borders.

Portugal, California and New Zealand stopped shy of that pledge, however dedicated to “important concrete steps” to curb oil and fuel manufacturing. Italy, the European Union’s second greatest oil producer, made a much less formidable promise, saying it might align future oil and fuel extraction with the 2015 Paris Settlement.

The brand new Past Oil and Fuel Alliance (BOGA) was hailed as essential by campaigners who’ve been pushing for a worldwide treaty on stopping fossil gas extraction, modelled on nuclear weapons proliferation treaties. Related worldwide coalitions have already been established on coal, however not but on the opposite two main fossil fuels.

Nevertheless, the alliance, launched on the COP26 summit in Glasgow at the moment, lacks any important oil and fuel producers promising to finish extraction.

The UK authorities, which is internet hosting the summit, hasn’t signed as much as the brand new initiative, an absence that the charity Oxfam mentioned was disappointing. UK prime minister Boris Johnson informed reporters in Glasgow yesterday that he’ll take a look at what Denmark and Costa Rica announce, however didn’t clarify why the UK wasn’t becoming a member of.

The core members of BOGA are Costa Rica, Denmark, France, Greenland, Eire, Sweden, Wales and the Canadian province of Quebec. Wales doesn’t have the power to difficulty oil and fuel licences; that energy lies with the UK authorities. Portugal, California and New Zealand are “affiliate” members of BOGA, whereas Italy is deemed a “buddy” of the coalition.

“Our purpose shouldn’t be small, our ambition shouldn’t be modest. We hope at the moment will mark the start of the top of oil and fuel,” mentioned Dan Jørgensen, Denmark’s minister for local weather, vitality and utilities.

Denmark mentioned final 12 months that it might now not difficulty new oil and fuel licences, however there isn’t any date but for when the opposite international locations will cease allowing new oil and fuel tasks. France produces little or no oil and fuel however in 2017 handed a legislation banning new oil and fuel tasks by 2040.

“The launch marks a departure from a long time of worldwide local weather coverage during which the query of aligning the manufacturing of fossil fuels with carbon budgets was ignored,” mentioned Tzeporah Berman of the Fossil Gas Non-Proliferation Treaty Initiative in a press release. “We urge different international locations to affix this essential initiative to cease the growth of oil, fuel and coal.”

A draft of COP26’s ultimate settlement requires an accelerated phase-out of coal, although negotiations at the moment and tomorrow might even see that reduce from the textual content. Some international locations on the summit have been pushing in negotiations for oil and fuel to be added to the draft, however it might be a serious shock if it was included.

Individually at the moment, a brand new evaluation discovered that offers on the sidelines of the local weather summit, on deforestation, methane, coal and automobiles, have made a sizeable dent in future carbon dioxide emissions. The non-profit Local weather Motion Tracker mentioned that the pledges would decrease 2030 international emissions by about 2 billion tonnes, roughly 5 per cent of world emissions in 2021.

Talks proceed in Glasgow, with a brand new model of the ultimate settlement anticipated in a single day, if sticking factors on local weather finance and different points could be overcome. COP26 president Alok Sharma mentioned this morning: “I need to be clear: we aren’t there but. There may be nonetheless plenty of work to be accomplished.”

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