Highlights from an interview with Dr. Subramaniam Swaminathan, an expert in infectious diseases
No country, community or individual is safe until everyone around the world is safe. The the appearance of OmicronOne new variant of coronavirushas once again drawn attention to the unprecedented magnitude of the pandemic and the precarious situation we all find ourselves in.
What is the Omicron variant?
The World Health Organization has designated Omicron – strain B.1.1.529 of SARS-CoV-2 as a Variant of concern – leading to fears of another global increase in cases. Viruses in Ecosystem, constantly evolving and mutating. Omicrons multiply 70 times faster than delta in the human airway.
Symptoms of Omicron:
Symptoms of Omicron vary from mild to severe such as:
Fever from light to heavy,
- Body aches and some other pain depend on the patient’s immune system’s response to the virus.
Individual level management of the Omicron virus
The omicron virus is hitting the nation faster and the symptoms should not be confused with the common flu. When finding the same symptoms mentioned above
- People have to isolate themselves
- Perform testing immediately, especially in patients with pre-existing health conditions such as Diabetes, kidney problems.
- Witness the first and second wave, there is a lot of information among people and a number of drugs are available that are used to treat patients infected with the virus. But consider an important fact, which is the response of each patient Immune System is different; so before taking other drugs Paracetamol and vitamin Cone must consult a doctor.
What are the effects of Immunization?
The symptoms of Omicron varies from mild to severe. The severity or seeming less oxygen requirement is probably due to the mass vaccination campaigns across the country. Mortality and hospitalization rates are significantly lower than in previous episodes. In addition, learning from previous batches, our capacity improvement has been relatively high.
Vaccination It doesn’t stop the virus, but it does reduce the severity.
Double dose vaccination prevent the severity down to 50% and booster dose or preventive dose prevents severity up to 90%.
- Hospitalization or death rates appear to be much less for large populations that have been vaccinated.
- 95% of those hospitalized requiring oxygen are unvaccinated.
Intensive care for the unvaccinated population
Unvaccinated people, especially children, need special care. During the current pandemic wave, we have seen children who are 15 or 18 years old and have pre-existing health conditions at increased risk.
Omicron, the RNA virus, is a mutated virus and vaccination is the only protection against the mutated virus.