Eating disorders increase the risk of diabetic eye diseases

Diabetes is characterized by high levels of glucose in the blood, which in turn can lead to tissue damage in several parts of the body including the heart, feet, and eyes.

The most common eye disease among people with diabetes is retinopathy, where microvascular changes in the retina can lead to impaired vision and even blindness. The risk of diabetic retinopathy affects people with all types of diabetes.

Academics from Anglia Ruskin University (ARU) combined data from several studies, totaling more than 1,100 participants, and found that people with diabetes were judged to have an eating disorder. Drinkers had a 2.94 times higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy than people with diabetes without an eating disorder.

However, the researchers did not find a statistically significant association between binge eating disorder, a condition in which a person regularly consumes large amounts of food in a short time, and diabetic retinopathy. . The eating disorders considered in the study included anorexia nervosa, a condition in which people try to keep their weight as low as possible by reducing food intake or exercising too much, and bulimia. , where a person tries to force food out of the body by vomiting or using laxatives.

Lead author Mike Trott, Research Assistant at ARU’s Vision and Eye Research Institute (VERI), said: “We know there are a number of factors that can regress or accelerate the progression of retinopathy. in people with diabetes These include physical activity, which is associated with a reduced risk, and high blood pressure, which may increase the risk.

“Our review showed a significant positive association between a pathological eating disorder and the risk of diabetic retinopathy. This may be due to poor blood sugar control due to inappropriate eating. Sometimes or people intentionally don’t take insulin as a weight management tactic.Insulin allows blood glucose to be converted into energy and then usefully used by the body.

Practitioners working with people with diabetes should closely monitor eating behaviors so that any unusual eating behaviors can be quickly addressed to reduce the risk of diabetic retinopathy, and The result is blindness if left untreated.”

Source: Eurekalert

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