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Electric vehicle charging station could use as much energy as a small town by 2035

A new study shows that the charging infrastructure along US highways will need major upgrades to deliver the amount of power needed in the future of electric vehicles.

  • An explosion in Electric Car and truck will require major upgrades to charge the infrastructure.
  • A new study shows that by 2035, some stations will need to supply as much electricity as a small town.
  • As soon as 2030, the peak energy use of a typical charging station will be comparable to that of a sports arena.

The roads of the United States are destined for an onslaught of tramare from SUV and pickup truck arrive delivery trucks and pickups.

But the country’s charging infrastructure – and more specifically the amount of electricity the stations can deliver – is far from up to the task.

One new research from electricity and gas company National Grid (which serves areas of New York and Massachusetts) shows that by 2030, a typical passenger square along a highway will need as much electricity as a sports arena. sports during the busiest times.

By 2035, a larger installation serving both passenger cars and trucks may need to provide 19 megawatts of peak capacity, National Grid projects, about the same as a small town uses. use. By 2045, that kind of truck stop could claim 30 megawatts of capacity, reaching the peak utilization of a large industrial plant.

Power consumption chart of electric charging station

Expected energy demand at Northeast charging stations.
National border

National Grid estimates future electricity demand at 71 potential charging locations, including service centers and truck stops, in the Northeast. It assumes that all light car sales will be electric by 2035 and that all midsize and heavy car sales will follow the same path by 2045, in line with the targets. stated of Massachusetts and New York.

Charged today and the gas station not equipped to supply nearly as much electricity as the National Grid is expected to need in 2030, much less than in 2045. Delivering 5 megawatts or more often requires major grid improvements electricity, the company said.

The study’s authors argue that utilities and policymakers need to start planning upgrades now to meet future highway demand — and avoid getting in the way of the process. electric vehicle converter.

Not that this challenge is insurmountable. Energy and transportation experts told Insider that, with some smart planning, utilities will capable of managing the coming wave of EVs.

Plus, these are early days. Teslas and other battery-powered models account for only about 5% of new car sales United States. The electric car world is very much in its infancy.

However, building charging infrastructure takes time and pays to stay ahead of the curve, National Grid said.

“Building up these high-voltage connections and upgrades can take years, which is why it’s important to act now,” it wrote in its report. “By implementing ‘no regrets’ upgrades at ‘no regrets’ sites, we can ensure that fast charging is available when drivers need it—and it’s not too late.”

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