EU wants world-first carbon border levy to hit more sectors after 2030 By Reuters

© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: European Union flags flutter outdoors the EU Fee headquarters in Brussels, Belgium Might 5, 2021. REUTERS/Yves Herman/File Photograph

By Kate Abnett

BRUSSELS (Reuters) – The European Fee plans to increase the EU’s carbon border tariff to cowl extra sectors and merchandise after 2030, subjecting extra worldwide commerce to the world-first coverage, a senior Fee official mentioned on Thursday.

The Fee, which drafts EU insurance policies, in July revealed its proposal for a carbon border tariff, designed to make sure that overseas producers don’t achieve a aggressive benefit over EU corporations because the bloc toughens its local weather change insurance policies.

The proposal would cost importers a charge on the EU border from 2026, primarily based on the CO2 emitted in making their merchandise overseas. It could cowl cement, iron and metal, aluminium, fertilisers and electrical energy.

Gerassimos Thomas, director basic of the Fee’s tax division, mentioned extra sectors can be added later.

“We are going to increase the sectors and the merchandise post-2030,” Thomas informed a European Parliament committee assembly on Thursday, including that “downstream merchandise” would even be focused.

That might see the levy apply to assembled merchandise similar to vehicles, quite than simply the metal used to make them.

For every new sector the Fee would assess commerce flows, the worth of products and the executive burden of introducing the border levy, Thomas mentioned.

“We plan to widen the scope, however we’ll stay throughout the sectors liable to carbon leakage,” he mentioned.

Carbon leakage is the danger that corporations relocate to areas with weaker environmental laws and proceed to pollute there, as an alternative of constructing investments to chop their emissions.

That threat is anticipated to extend because the EU strives to fulfill its goal to chop its internet emissions 55% by 2030, from 1990 ranges.

The EU counts round 60 industrial sectors to be liable to carbon leakage, together with refineries and producers of ceramics and glass.

EU member international locations and the European Parliament should negotiate the main points of the carbon border levy earlier than it takes impact. These negotiations may take as much as two years.

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