Monkey smallpox occurs mainly in tropical rainforest areas of Central and West Africa, but outbreaks have broken out in other parts of the world in recent days. Symptoms include fever, rash, and swollen lymph nodes.
WHO say it is”Work with affected countries and others to expand disease surveillance to find and support those who may be affected, and provide guidance on how to manage the outbreak. “
The United Nations health agency emphasized that monkey pox spread other than COVID-19encourages everyone to “update information from reliable sources, such as national health authorities” about the extent of any outbreaks in their communities.
The WHO said in an earlier statement that at least eight countries were affected in Europe – Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the UK.
No travel links
Hans Kluge, Regional Director for Europe at the UN agency, speak cases are differentcite three reasons.
All but one, not related to travel to endemic countries. Many were discovered through sexual health services and were among men who had sex with men. Furthermore, it is suspected that transmission may have continued for some time, as these cases are geographically dispersed across Europe and beyond.
Most cases are mild, he added.
Dr Kluge said: “Monkey smallpox is usually a self-limiting disease and most people who become infected clear up on their own within a few weeks without treatment. “However, the disease can be more severe, especially in young children, pregnant women, and people who are immunocompromised.”
Work to limit transmission
WHO is working with relevant countries, including to identifycould be a source of infectionhow the virus spreads and how to limit further transmission.
Countries are also receiving guidance and support on surveillance, testing, infection prevention and control, clinical management, risk communication and public participation.
Concerns about the increase in summer
Monkeypox virus is mainly transmitted to humans from wild animals such as rodents and primates. It also spreads between people in close contact – through infected skin lesions, exhaled droplets or bodily fluids, including sex – or through contact with contaminated materials such as bedding.
Suspected people should be tested and isolated.
“As we enter the summer in the European Region, with its mass gatherings, festivals and parties, I am concerned that transmission can speed upThe cases that are currently being discovered are in people engaging in sexual activity, and the symptoms are unfamiliar to many people, Dr. Kluge said.
He added that washing hands, as well as Measures taken during the COVID-19 pandemic, It is also important to reduce transmission in healthcare settings.
Cases in other regions
Australia, Canada and the United States are also among the non-endemic countries that have reported cases of monkeypox.
The United States detected its first case of the year after a man in the northeastern US state of Massachusetts tested positive on Tuesday following recent travel to Canada.
Health authorities in New York City, home to the United Nations Headquarters, are also investigating a possible case after a patient at the hospital tested positive on Thursday.
The US recorded two cases of monkeypox in 2021, both related to travel from Nigeria.