Explained: King Charles III accession to the throne | Explainer News

An Accession Council was convened at St James’s Palace, the monarch’s official residence, to announce his successor.

Queen Elizabeth, the longest reigning monarch in British history, died on Thursday at the age of 96, and her son Charles immediate succession to the throne.

Here’s an explanation of the protocol around officially joining a new monarch and Saturday’s ceremony officially declaring Charles king.

An Accession Council was convened at St James’s Palace, the monarch’s official residence, to announce his successor.

The council was established by Privy Counselors, who had advised the monarch since Norman times. They now include about 670 senior politicians, including Prime Minister Liz Truss.

Also present were the Spiritual and Temporal Lords – the bishops of the Church of England, who sat in the House of Lords, including the Archbishop of Canterbury, along with their worldly counterparts. custom of the kingdom.

The Mayor of London, senior civil servants and High Commissioners from 14 other kingdoms whose monarch is their head of state also sit on the Council, whose Chairman is now lawmaker Penny Mordaunt.

All Privy Advisors will be invited but not all will be able to attend shortly.

In 1952, following the death of George VI, 191 members attended Elizabeth’s Accession Council.

The Accession Council is divided into two parts:

Part I

The Lord Chairman announced the death of the monarch and the secretary of the council, Richard Tilbrook, read aloud the text of the Declaration of Accession.

A party called the foundation, which included members of the royal family present, the prime minister, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Earl Marshal – Duke of Norfolk, Edward Fitzalan-Howard, a leading member of the royal family tribe, who was responsible for organizing state ceremonies – signed the manifesto.

After it was signed, the Lord Chairman called for silence and the Council dealt with the remaining work such as disseminating the declaration and instructions for the artillery fire at London’s Hyde Park and the Tower of London.

After Part I of the council, the manifesto was read from the Manifesto Gallery, a balcony above the Sixth Court of St James’s Palace, by the King of Arms Garter, now David White, senior emissary to England , whose ceremonial role brought in an annual salary of 49 pounds, fixed in the 1830s.

He was accompanied by the Earl of the Marshal and other officials wearing the traditional dress of the coat of arms.

The statement was accompanied by gun salutes and messengers traveling to Mansion House in the City of London, where it was later read at the Royal Exchange.

The Declaration was read publicly in other UK capital cities – Edinburgh, Belfast and Cardiff – and at other locations.

King Charles III of England welcomes the wise.
England’s King Charles III greets wise men as he walks past the gates of Buckingham Palace following the death on Thursday of Queen Elizabeth II, in London [File: Yui Mok/AP]

Part II

Part II of the Accession Council is held by the new sovereign but does not always immediately follow Part I.

It only involved Privy Counselors and began with a personal statement from Charles regarding the queen’s death.

He then took an oath regarding the security of the Church of Scotland as required by the statute of 1707, whereby Scotland joined England and Wales to establish Great Britain. This has been done by every Sovereign at the time of their Accession since 1714.

The oath reads: “I, Charles III, by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of my other Kingdoms and Territories, King, Defender of the Faith, faithfully promise and swear that I will uphold and uphold the true Protestant Religious Settlement as established by the Laws made in Scotland in the prosecution of the Claim of Rights and in particular under the Act that says ‘Act to Protect Protestant Religion and Presbyterian Government’ and Acts Passed in Parliaments of Both Kingdoms for the Union of Two Kingdoms, together with Government, Worship, Discipline , The Rights and Privileges of the Church of Scotland. So help me, Lord. The new monarch then signed two copies of the oath.

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