Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine should be considered a two-dose vaccine moderately than the one-and-done shot that had obtained preliminary authorization, a federal panel determined Friday.
The committee felt all 15 million People who obtained a single dose of the “one and performed” J&J vaccine could be considerably higher protected with a second one.
The unanimous choice from the Vaccines and Associated Organic Merchandise Advisory Committee got here after real-world information confirmed J&J’s one-shot vaccine is just not as efficient because the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines in real-world research
“As a result of the magnitude is decrease than I feel what could be desired – the estimates which were seen with the mRNA vaccines – there may be headroom to enhance the efficacy,” stated Dr. Penny Heaton, head of the vaccines world therapeutic space for Janssen Prescription drugs, a Johnson & Johnson firm that developed the vaccine.
Including a second dose 2- to 6-months after the preliminary J&J shot would offer the identical effectiveness because the mRNA vaccines with out their fading safety, Heaton advised the committee Friday.
The identicalpanel voted Thursday to support booster shots of Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine for individuals 65 and older, in addition to youthful adults with sure medical situations or jobs that put them at elevated danger for an infection.
The committee choices on each the Moderna and J&J supplementary pictures nonetheless have to be verified by a special advisory panel in addition to high federal officers. The CDC advisory panel is anticipated to satisfy Oct. 20 and 21 to debate additional doses for Moderna and J&J recipients.
– Elizabeth Weise and Karen Weintraub
Additionally within the information:
►The U.S. will allow vaccinated foreign nationals to enter the nation beginning Nov. 8 underneath a brand new worldwide journey system. International nationwide air vacationers will have to be vaccinated and present proof of vaccination to fly to the U.S. and forward of boarding might want to present a pre-departure adverse check inside three days of journey.
►Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot stated Friday that she took her struggle with the pinnacle of town’s law enforcement officials union to courtroom, arguing that his name for officers to disregard the order to report their COVID-19 vaccination standing was unlawful.
►A federal appeals courtroom has denied an emergency request to cease a COVID-19 vaccine mandate from going into impact in Maine.
►Pennsylvania on Friday turned the seventh state to report 1.5 million coronavirus circumstances. The states with probably the most circumstances embrace California, with about 4.8 million; Texas, with nearly 4.2 million; and Florida, with greater than 3.6 million.
►British well being officers stated Friday an estimated 43,000 individuals in England could have obtained false-negative COVID-19 test results as a result of issues at a non-public laboratory.
►Italy’s strict vaccine necessities for all staff went into impact Friday. The rule requires all staff to indicate a well being move to get into their place of employment. Police have been out in pressure as protests in opposition to the rule have been anticipated and will flip violent.
►Greater than 100 staff at Los Alamos Nationwide Laboratory, the nuclear lab the place the atomic bomb was created, are suing over a vaccine mandate that provides them till Friday to be vaccinated or fired.
►Anybody age 12 and older should present both proof of COVID-19 vaccination or a current adverse check to attend massive occasions in Washington state beginning Nov. 15.
📈 At present’s numbers: The U.S. has recorded greater than 44.8 million confirmed COVID-19 circumstances and greater than 722,800 deaths, in accordance to Johns Hopkins University data. International totals: Greater than 239.9 million circumstances and 4.8 million deaths. Greater than 188.6 million People — 56.8% of the inhabitants — are totally vaccinated, according to the CDC.
📘 What we’re studying: The Nice Resignation led to 4.3 million People quitting in August. This trend is here to stay.
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Gov. Tim Walz stated Friday he’ll use the Minnesota Nationwide Guard to assist alleviate staffing shortages at hospitals and care amenities which can be struggling to deal with the surge in COVID-19 circumstances amongst unvaccinated Minnesotans.
The governor introduced plans at North Memorial Well being Hospital in Robbinsdale for assuaging bottlenecks brought on by overstretched staffs that stop hospitals from shifting recovering sufferers to transitional and long-term care amenities.
Greater than 400 Minnesota hospital sufferers are presently ready for beds to open up at different care facilities and taking over house wanted for incoming sufferers, he stated.
Walz stated the variety of Nationwide Guard troopers who will likely be deployed to assist out and their precise roles have but to be decided.
– The Related Press
The announcement of huge money lotteries for individuals who obtained their COVID-19 vaccine didn’t result in an uptick in vaccinations, based on a examine printed Friday within the Journal of the American Medical Affiliation.
To spice up vaccine uptake, 19 states introduced massive money lotteries by July 1, based on the authors, who’re economists at a number of U.S. universities. The authors discovered “no statistically vital affiliation” between the bulletins and the variety of vaccinations earlier than or after the announcement date.
“Lottery-style drawings could also be much less efficient than incentives that pay with certainty,” the authors wrote. “One other chance is that drawings weren’t an informative vaccine promotional technique and that extra full messaging on vaccination would have been far simpler.”
A study in July reached an analogous conclusion. That report by researchers at Boston College College of Drugs discovered Ohio’s lottery didn’t enhance vaccination charges in comparison with different states with out lottery-based incentive programs. Nonetheless, several independent analyses later discovered Ohio’s Vax-a-Million giveaway contributed to extra individuals getting vaccinated within the state.
– Grace Hauck
Newly launched Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data exhibits how vaccinated individuals throughout age teams and with all three vaccine manufacturers utilized in the US fared a lot better with COVID-19 infections and deaths than the unvaccinated.
In August, unvaccinated individuals have been 11.3 occasions extra prone to die of COVID-19 and 6.1 occasions extra prone to check constructive, the real-world information present.
On the worst reported week of deaths round Aug. 8, for instance, unvaccinated individuals died at a price of 13.23 per 100,000, in comparison with Johnson & Johnson recipients at 3.14, Pfizer at 1.43 and Moderna at 0.73.
The vaccines additionally dramatically change COVID-19 outcomes for the aged in comparison with the unvaccinated. Absolutely vaccinated individuals aged 80 or older have been considerably much less prone to die of the illness than unvaccinated individuals of their 50s or early 60s. Vaccinated individuals of all ages group have been far much less prone to check constructive than any age group of unvaccinated individuals.
The CDC says the info come from 16 governments representing about 30 p.c of the inhabitants, from Florida to Wisconsin to Utah, in addition to New York Metropolis.
– Mike Stucka
The Meals and Drug Administration stated Thursday it could convene a panel of outdoor specialists subsequent month to overview the security and efficacy information of Merck’s pill to treat COVID-19. Whereas these panels have been customary for overview of vaccine information, the FDA has not but convened an analogous panel for COVID-19 therapies.
“We imagine that, on this occasion, a public dialogue of those information with the company’s advisory committee will assist guarantee clear understanding of the scientific information and data that the FDA is evaluating,” stated Dr. Patrizia Cavazzoni, director of FDA’s drug middle.
The group will meet Nov. 30, which means Merck’s capsule seemingly will not obtain authorization till December on the earliest.
Earlier this month, Merck stated its trial information exhibits the experimental drug prevented half of extreme coronavirus infections that will in any other case have despatched individuals to the hospital.
Florida will challenge the Biden administration’s vaccine mandate in federal courtroom, Gov. Ron DeSantis stated Thursday, vowing that the pending requirement on companies and hospitals “will go down.”
President Joe Biden’s mandate has but to be launched however is anticipated this month. It could apply to hospitals that deal with Medicare and Medicaid sufferers and employers with 100 or extra staff.
Some Florida hospitals have already got COVID-19 vaccine necessities in anticipation of the approaching federal rule.
“We’re going to contest that instantly,” DeSantis stated Thursday at a Florida Division of Well being workplace, the place he was linking his promotion of monoclonal antibody therapies to the current drop of COVID hospitalizations statewide. “And I feel that the mandate goes to lose in courtroom. I additionally suppose that we’ve got a duty on the state stage to do no matter we have to do to guard Floridians from mandates that might lead to them dropping their jobs.”
DeSantis, who has been steadfast in his opposition to vaccine necessities, additionally cited unverified figures from the monoclonal therapy facilities suggesting that giant percentages of individuals in search of these therapies have already been vaccinated. The USA TODAY Community — Florida filed a public data request greater than every week in the past in search of these figures. The Florida Division of Well being has not produced them.
– Frank Gluck, Fort Myers Information-Press
Contributing: The Related Press