Fossil Reveals Unique Feature Of Dinosaur That Roamed Africa 150 Million Years Ago

Dinosaurs roamed Earth hundreds of thousands of years in the past however little was recognized about them outdoors the scientific neighborhood until the early 90s. Attention-grabbing particulars about these prehistoric reptiles at the moment are being found after finding out dinosaur fossils. One in every of these fossils has revealed {that a} unusual dinosaur with spiky, armored pores and skin lived round 150 million years in the past. Scientists have recognized this dinosaur because the ankylosaur, an in depth relative of the extra well-known stegosaurus.

Till now, restricted fossil data prevented researchers from realizing the true vary of this historic creature. However they’ve discovered now that the ankylosaur probably walked various components of Earth between the late Jurassic and early Cretaceous durations. Revealed within the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution just lately, the examine reveals particulars about these bizarre-looking dinsoaurs and says the oldest recognized ankylosaur was present in Africa. It additionally says extra fascinating discoveries associated to the reptiles might be made in Africa.

The scientists, together with lead writer Susannah Maidment, a researcher on the Pure Historical past Museum in London, used X-ray expertise to analyse a fossil, named NHMUK PV R37412, from the Pure Historical past Museum of London. The specimen, containing a rib with 4 rows of spines, originated in Morocco.

The researchers stated the fossil dated again to the Center Jurassic interval (about 163–168 million years in the past). They are saying the ankylosaur had a “weird” armour that is fused to the animal’s rib and protrudes — a novel physiology that has by no means been seen in any vertebrate thus far.

“That is bizarre as a result of animals have muscular tissues that run throughout the floor of the ribs. This ankylosaur will need to have had a unique association of muscular tissues throughout its again,” Maidment instructed Inverse. She says no recognized vertebrate, residing or extinct, has armour fused to its bones.

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