Guidelines issued by Government of India due to monkeypox epidemic
The Ministry of Health said in the guidance document: “There have been no reported cases of monkeypox virus in India as of May 31, 2022. However, India needs to prepare reports in advance. increasing number of cases in non-epidemic countries,” the Health Ministry said in the guidance document.
The ministry said “even a single case of monkeypox is considered an outbreak” and has directed district surveillance units to immediately report any suspicious cases to the state and other monitoring units. central monitoring and open comprehensive investigations through rapid response teams.
The manual outlines diagnostic procedures, infection prevention and control measures, patient isolation and ambulance transfer strategies, and medical management procedures. Exposure to any case should be monitored daily for at least 21 days at the onset of symptoms.
The ministry said all patient samples of the suspected cases should be forwarded to the National Institute of Virology in Pune for analysis through the country’s Integrated Disease Surveillance Program and its surveillance units. districts across the country.
Monkeypox is a self-limited disease with symptoms that usually last two to four weeks. Severe cases are more common in children and are related to the level of exposure to the virus and the patient’s health, the ministry said. In recent times, case fatality rates have ranged from 3% to 6%.
More than 600 cases of monkeypox have been identified in more than 30 countries since the beginning of May, and public health experts are trying to figure out what may have caused this global outbreak.
Earlier this month, the World Health Organization said epidemiological studies were underway and that cases to date had no travel link to endemic areas.
“Based on currently available information, cases are primarily identified in men who have sex with men seeking care in sexual health and primary care clinics,” the WHO said. learned in a media release on May 21.
These guidelines require surveillance units to follow up on suspected cases in hospitals, skin care clinics, sexually transmitted diseases clinics, pediatric clinics, or general surgery departments, and initiate targeted surveillance “at sites identified by the National AIDS Foundation for men who have sex with men.”
Let’s hope that this monkeypox doesn’t become a pandemic.