Haiti Fast Facts – CNN

Capital: Port-au-Prince

Ethnic Teams: Black 95%, blended and White 5%

Faith: Roman Catholic 54.7%, Protestant 28.5% (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5%, different .7%), Voodoo 2.1%, different 4.6%

Unemployment: 40.6% (2010 est.)


1492 – Christopher Columbus lands on the island and names it Hispaniola.

1697Spain acknowledges France’s declare to the western third of the island.

1791Slaves insurgent in opposition to plantation house owners. Toussaint L’Ouverture, a former slave, takes management and writes a structure.

January 1, 1804 – Haiti positive factors independence from France. Haiti is the second oldest unbiased nation within the Western Hemisphere after the US.

1804-1915 Over 70 totally different dictators rule Haiti.

1915 – US President Woodrow Wilson sends Marines to Haiti to revive order. The US occupies Haiti till 1934.

1946 Military officers take management of Haiti’s authorities.

1949Military officers take management of the federal government once more after rioting breaks out.

1950Military officer Paul Magloire is elected president.

1956Magloire resigns after rioting breaks out; the military takes management of the federal government once more.

1957Francois “Papa Doc” Duvalier, a physician, is elected president.

1964Duvalier declares himself president for all times and guidelines as a dictator.

1971 – Haiti amends their structure to permit the president to decide on his successor. Duvalier chooses his son, Jean-Claude, who is nineteen.

April 1971 – After his father dies, Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” Duvalier declares himself president for all times. He makes use of a secret police pressure referred to as Tontons Macoutes (bogeymen) to implement his insurance policies.

1986 – Duvalier flees the nation after a revolt. Lt. Gen. Henri Namphy runs the nation and tries to eliminate the Tontons Macoutes however fails.

March 1987 – Haiti adopts a brand new structure that requires presidential and nationwide meeting elections by the folks.

November 29, 1987 – Elections are canceled after terrorist assaults on polling locations. They’re rescheduled for January 1988, at which level the folks elect a civilian president and a parliament.

June 1988Namphy overthrows the brand new authorities and declares himself the president of the army authorities.

September 1988 – Officers of the Presidential Guard seize energy from Namphy. Lt. Gen. Prosper Avril declares himself president.

March 1990Avril resigns resulting from protests.

December 1990 Jean-Bertrand Aristide wins Haiti’s first free election.
September 1991 – Aristide flees the nation after being ousted in a army coup. The Group of American States and the United Nations lead commerce boycotts to pressure Aristide’s return to energy. Many Haitians attempt to flee to the US however are pressured again to Haiti. Later the refugees are despatched to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

July 3, 1993 – The army authorities agrees to permit Aristide to return and restore his authorities by October 30. They later again out of the settlement and don’t permit Aristide to return.

September 17, 1994 – US President Bill Clinton sends a delegation to Haiti in hopes of avoiding a army battle. The group consists of former US President Jimmy Carter, Colin Powell, and Senator Sam Nunn. The peace deal prevents an outbreak of preventing.

September 18, 1994 – The US sends troops to Haiti to take care of order. The primary 3,000 troops land on September 19 in Port-au-Prince.

October 1994 – Aristide is restored to energy. US troops keep in Haiti to take care of order. The United Nations and OAS boycotts finish and the refugees at Guantanamo Bay return to Haiti.

March 1995 – Most US troops go away Haiti.

Late 1995 Rene Preval, a member of Aristide’s Lavalas coalition, is elected president.

April 1996 – The final US troops go away.

December 1998 – UN peacekeepers withdraw.

November 2000 – Aristide is elected president once more; most different events boycott the elections, claiming they’re fraudulent.

February 2004 Rebels and political opposition leaders oppose Aristide’s management and strategies and need him to be faraway from energy. Aristide says he’ll stay in workplace till the final day of his time period, February 7, 2006.

February 8, 2004 Looting and violence unfold all through Haiti.

February 21, 2004 – An Worldwide evaluation group made up of officers from the US, France, Canada, the Caribbean Group and the Group of American States arrive in Haiti to current Aristide with a peace plan. He accepts the phrases of the plan, which embody the appointment of a brand new prime minister, the institution of a bipartisan cupboard, the holding of latest elections to be overseen by worldwide observers and the disarmament of militias, stationed in a lot of the north. The opposition leaders announce the rejection of any plan that doesn’t embody the rapid resignation of Aristide.

February 25, 2004 – US President George W. Bush states that any Haitians making an attempt to enter the US will likely be turned away by the Coast Guard.
February 29, 2004 – President Aristide leaves for the Central African Republic. Supreme Courtroom Chief Justice Boniface Alexandre replaces him because the nation’s president in a transitional authorities, as mandated by Haiti’s structure.

March 2004American and French troops deploy as a part of a multinational peacekeeping pressure.

March 2, 2004 – Haitian insurgent chief Man Philippe declares himself the nation’s new police chief and requires the re-establishment of Haiti’s military, which Aristide disbanded in 1991. The US doesn’t acknowledge Philippe as the pinnacle of the Haitian police.

March 9, 2004 – Gerard Latortue, a 69-year-old worldwide enterprise advisor, is called the brand new prime minister of Haiti by the US-backed Council of Sages.

April 2004 – The UN Secretary-Basic recommends the creation of a multidimensional stabilization operation to help with the scenario in Haiti. The operation is known as the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti.

June 2004 – A US-led multinational pressure turns over authority in Port-au-Prince to UN peacekeepers.

February 7, 2006 – After scheduling delays and allegations of election fraud, Rene Preval is elected president of Haiti.

February 2007 – Preval has UN peacekeepers in Haiti start an offensive in opposition to avenue gangs in Port-au-Prince.

January 12, 2010 – A 7.0 magnitude earthquake strikes 14 miles west of Haiti, destroying most of Port-au-Prince. The earthquake kills an estimated 217,000 folks and leaves greater than two million homeless.
October 2010 – Cholera breaks out in Haiti, and greater than 6,600 die inside a yr. As of February 2016, Haiti had reported 771,000 cases of cholera and 9,082 deaths because of the 2010 outbreak.

November 28, 2010 – The presidential election is held. In December, the electoral council pronounces that former first woman Mirlande Manigat has gained however lacks nearly all of votes wanted for an outright victory. The runoff is scheduled for March 20, 2011.

January 16, 2011 – Former dictator “Child Doc” Duvalier unexpectedly returns to Haiti after nearly 25 years in exile.

April 4, 2011 – Preliminary ends in the presidential runoff election present musician Michel “Candy Micky” Martelly with 67.6% of the vote in comparison with former Haitian first woman Manigat’s 31.5%.

April 20, 2011 – Martelly is formally declared the president of Haiti by the nation’s electoral council.

Could 14, 2011 – Martelly is sworn in because the president of Haiti.

June 8, 2011 – Heavy rain in Haiti results in a rise in reported circumstances of cholera.
July 2011 – In response to a US Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention report, UN peacekeepers from Nepal almost definitely prompted the October 2010 cholera epidemic.

October 2011 – A CDC report particulars enhancements made in sanitation and training that lowered the mortality charge from cholera in Haiti from 4 % to under one %. Since December 2010, fewer individuals are dying from the illness regardless of a rise in variety of circumstances reported.

November 8, 2011 – Haitian cholera victims have filed a petition with the United Nations demanding compensation for his or her struggling, the victims’ legal professionals announce. Haitians who have been sickened are demanding $50,000 every; households of those that died are searching for $100,000.

April 14, 2012 – The Haitian authorities and the World Well being Group launch a cholera vaccination program concentrating on 100,000 folks.

October 2012 – Dozens die in floods and landslides resulting from Hurricane Sandy.

December 2014 – After days of anti-government protests in Haiti, Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe pronounces his resignation.

January 9, 2015 – A US federal decide in Manhattan guidelines that the Haitian victims of the 2010 cholera outbreak can’t sue the United Nations, because it has authorized immunity.

January 16, 2015 – Former Port-au-Prince mayor Evans Paul is sworn-in as prime minister.

February 7, 2016 – After 5 years in workplace, President Martelly steps down, leaving Haiti with no successor after elections marred by allegations of fraud have been postponed. Below the phrases of an settlement for a transitional authorities, Haiti’s parliament will elect an interim president for a time period of 120 days and ensure a consensus prime minister.

February 14, 2016 – The Haitian Parliament elects a new interim president, former head of Parliament Jocelerme Privert.

November 20, 2016 – A presidential election is held with 27 candidates competing.

January 3, 2017 – Jovenel Moïse is formally declared the brand new president of Haiti. The next month, he nominates Jack Man Lafontant prime minister.

July 14, 2018 – Lafontant resigns amid violent protests sparked by a proposed plan to boost gasoline costs.
August 5, 2018 – President Moïse pronounces that Jean-Henry Céant will be the nation’s new prime minister.

March 18, 2019 – The vast majority of Haiti’s Chamber of Deputies votes to dismiss Prime Minister Céant, whose place has not but been ratified by the nationwide meeting. The no-confidence vote follows latest protests over financial situations. Jean Michel Lapin is called appearing prime minister three days later and is nominated prime minister in April.

June 11, 2019 – The United Kingdom regulator for the British charity Oxfam releases a report regarding Oxfam’s handling of allegations of sexual misconduct in Haiti following the 2010 earthquake. The report finds that the charity “missed alternatives” to deal with “cultural and behavioral points” of workers in Haiti at the moment. In its responding assertion, Oxfam says it accepts the findings of the fee, and is “deeply sorry for its failure to stop sexual abuse by its former workers in Haiti.”

July 22, 2019 – Officers announce that Prime Minister Lapin, whose place has not but been ratified by the nationwide meeting, has resigned throughout persevering with anti-government protests. The identical day, President Moïse nominates Fritz William Michel because the nation’s prime minister. That is the fourth such nomination since Moïse turned head of state.

February 23, 2020 – Haiti’s biggest celebration of the year, Carnival, is canceled after lethal protests and gunfire interrupted the primary day of festivities in Port-au-Prince.
February 7, 2021 – Dozens are arrested for an alleged coup attempt, whereas protesters accuse President Moïse of unconstitutionally extending his time period. Moïse is because of step down, in keeping with Haiti’s Superior Courtroom of Justice and the nation’s opposition motion.
February 8, 2021 – Haiti’s opposition movement selects Joseph Mecene Jean-Louis, a 72-year-old Supreme Courtroom decide, to steer a transitional authorities, arguing that President Moïse’s time period has expired and calling on him to step down.
July 7, 2021 – Moïse is killed during an attack on his private residence. Appearing Prime Minister Claude Joseph assumes leadership and declares a “state of siege” in Haiti, saying he doesn’t need the nation to “plunge into chaos.”
July 19, 2021 – Joseph agrees to step down and hand power to his rival Ariel Henry. Henry will now change into prime minister and Joseph will retain his authentic position as Haiti’s international minister, present Elections Minister Mathias Pierre tells CNN.
August 14, 2021 – A 7.2-magnitude earthquake strikes Haiti, leaving at the least 2,207 folks lifeless and greater than 12,268 injured, in keeping with Haiti’s civil safety company. The Haitian authorities declares a state of emergency.

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