How Life Has Changed During the Pandemic, According to the US Census

EASYAfter the first two years of the pandemic, the number of people working from home in the United States tripled, home values ​​rose, and the percentage of people who spent more than a third of their income on rent increased, according to the results. The survey results were released on Thursday. by the United States Census Bureau.

Providing the most detailed data to date on how life changes in the United States according to COVID-19, the US Community Survey’s 1-year estimate for 2021 shows the proportion of married couples who have not married living together has increased, Americans have become more engaged, and the proportion of people who identify as multiracial has increased dramatically. And in changes that seem to directly reflect how the pandemic has hampered people’s choices, fewer people travel, lower preschool enrollment rates and more commuters use public transport. Public transport is cut in half.

The release of the data provides the first reliable glimpse into life in the United States in the COVID-19 era, as the 1-year estimate from the 2020 survey is considered unusable because of the problem. topic that attracted people to respond during the early months of the pandemic. That leaves a yearlong data gap in place at a time when the pandemic has forced massive changes in the way people live their lives.

The survey typically draws on the responses of 3.5 million households to come up with 11 billion estimates each year about time spent at work, internet access, family life, income, education, disability, etc. disability, military service and employment. Estimates help inform how hundreds of billions of dollars in federal spending will be distributed.

“Response rates improved significantly between 2020 and 2021,” so we are confident in the data for this year, said Mark Asiala, head of statistical design for the survey.

While the percentage of households with a married couple has been stable for two years at around 47%, the percentage of households with married couples has increased to 7.2% in 2021 from 6.6% in 2019. Contrasted with the popular culture image of multigenerational family members moving in. During the pandemic, the average household size actually infected between 2.6 and 2.5 people.

People also stay put. More than 87% of those surveyed are living in the same home they lived in a year ago in 2021, compared with 86% in 2019. America becomes more entrenched as people become more dependent on jobs. distance learning and working from home. Households with computers have increased from 92.9% in 2019 to 95% in 2021, and internet subscription service has increased from 86% to 90% of households.

An increase in those who identify as multiracial — from 3.4% in 2019 to 12.6% in 2021 — and a decrease in those who identify as white — from 72% to 61, 2% — due to Census Bureau changes in coding race and Hispanic responses. Those adjustments were intended to collect more detailed written responses from the participants. The period between investigations also overlaps with protests for social justice following the 2020 killing of George Floyd, a black man, by a white Minneapolis police officer, as well as attacks against Asian Americans. Experts say this is likely to lead some multiracial people, who might previously identify as a single race, to instead embrace all of their backgrounds.

“This pattern is strong evidence of a change in self-identity. This is not new,” said Paul Ong, professor emeritus of urban planning and Asian American Studies at UCLA. “Other research has shown that racial or ethnic identity can change even over a short period of time. For many people, it is contextual and situational. This is especially true for individuals with multiracial backgrounds.”

Estimates show the pandemic-related impact of closed theatres, amusement parks and restaurants with limited seats for workers in arts, entertainment and lodging businesses . Their numbers fell from 9.7% to 8.2% of the workforce, while other industries remained relatively stable. Self-employed people inched up 6.1% from 5.8%.

Housing demand increased in two years, as the vacancy rate fell from 12.1% to 10.3%. The median value of homes increased from $240,500 to $281,400. The percentage of people whose gross rent exceeds 30% of their income has gone from 48.5% to 51%. Historically, renters were considered rent burdened if they paid more than that.

“The lack of housing that people can afford relative to the wages they are paid is an ongoing crisis,” said Allison Plyer, head of demographics at the Data Center in New Orleans.

Commute time decreased from 27.6 minutes to 25.6 minutes, as the percentage of people working from home between the time they started returning to the office and stopped from 5.7% in 2019 to nearly 18% by 2021. Nearly half of workers in the District of Columbia work from home, the highest percentage in the nation, while Mississippi has the lowest rate at 6.3% Over two years, workers to National use of public transport to get to work has increased from 5% to 2.5%, because of concerns about increasing virus infections on buses and subways.

“Work and commuting are central to American lives, so the widespread adoption of working from home is a prominent feature,” said Michael Burrows, a Census Bureau statistician. outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. “With the number of people primarily working from home tripling in just a two-year period, the pandemic has had a huge impact on the travel landscape in the United States.”

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