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‘Killer robot’: Nations extend talks as agreement hopes narrow

The nations behind a United Nations arms deal met this week on the conundrum of deadly autonomous weapons systems, commonly known as “killer robots,” that are Advocacy groups want to limit or outright ban.

The latest conference of the nations behind the Certain Conventional Weapons Convention is addressing a range of issues from incendiary weapons, explosive remnants of war, a specific type of land mine and other types of mines. automatic weapon system.

Opponents of such systems fear a day of obsolescence when tanks, submarines, robots or fleets of drones with facial recognition software can move without human supervision. people and attack human targets.

“This is fundamentally a really important opportunity for states to take steps to regulate and ban autonomy in weapons systems,” said Clare Conboy, a spokesman for the advocacy group. essentially means that a killer robot or weapon system will operate without human control,” said Clare Conboy, a spokesman for the advocacy group Stop Killing Robots.

Different countries have met several times on the issue since 2013. They face what Human Rights Watch calls a major decision this week in Geneva about whether to hold meetings. specific negotiations on the use of automatic weapons systems or make it a regular meeting of nations. to work.

A group of government experts working on the issue failed to reach a consensus last week, and advocacy groups argue that countries including the United States, Russia, Israel, India and Britain have impeded progress.

The International Committee of the Red Cross this month warned that “the loss of human control and judgment in the use of force and weapons raises serious concern from humanitarian perspectives, law and morality.”

Some world powers oppose any binding or involuntary constraints on the development of such systems, in part out of concern that if states are unable to develop or research the That gas, their enemies or non-state groups can. Some countries argue that there is a fine line between automated and targeted computer-aided weapons systems and existing weapons systems.

The United States has called for a “code of conduct” governing the use of such systems, while Russia argues that existing international law is sufficient.

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, in a statement on his behalf at the meeting on Monday, urged the CCW conference to “expeditiously expedite work on autonomous weapons that can target and kill people.” without human intervention.”

He called for an agreement to be reached “on an ambitious plan for the future to establish restrictions on the use of certain types of autonomous weapons.”

Negotiations are expected to last until Friday.

The issue is likely to remain with the government panel of experts and not be brought up in special talks – with a view towards other UN agreements to limit cluster munitions and mines.

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