Maternal fat metabolism affects baby’s weight

“This is the first comprehensive evidence, across geographic populations, of the complex interplay between maternal and fetal metabolism that regulates the unique fetal trajectories during early gestation.” period specifically related to weight, adiposity, and growth in childhood.Research complements our previous work that identified fetal head development trajectories in relation to developmental outcomes. Development, behavior, vision, and growth differ at two years of age. In a nutshell: the development of an infant’s body and brain tracks separately and early – while in the womb “, Educator Monk José Villar said. of Perinatal Medicine at the University of Oxford, who co-led the study.

“This study is unique for several reasons. Each pregnancy is accurately dated by ultrasound when gestational age is less than 14 weeks; all fetuses are scanned with the same type of ultrasound machine every five weeks and sonographers and paediatricians around the world are trained to measure Fetal and Child Development in a standardized manner using identical equipment. The first 1000 days of life in determining future health outcomes, said Aris Papageorghiou, Professor of Fetal Medicine at the University of Oxford, who co-led the study.


Fetal ultrasound scan results

In six countries (Brazil, Kenya, Pakistan, South Africa, Thailand, and the United Kingdom), researchers used mass pregnancy ultrasounds to track the growth of more than 3,500 infants throughout. pregnancy. They also analyzed blood samples taken from the women during early pregnancy and from the umbilical cord at birth. They monitor an infant’s growth and development until the child is two years old.

“This landmark study provides valuable new insights into the biological origins of childhood obesity, one of the most pressing public health problems facing governments around the world. This finding could contribute to the earlier identification of infants at risk of obesity. research, said.

The study complements previous research from similar groups that identified early embryonic trajectories in relation to developmental, behavioral, visual, and growth outcomes in two-year-olds. The same essential interval around the fifth month of pregnancy in both experiments was the starting point for fetal development to be maintained into early life.

Source: Eurekalert

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