‘Once-in-a-lifetime’: Rameses II-era burial cave found in Israel | History News

A team of experts has found pieces of pottery and bronze artifacts dating back to the time of the ancient Egyptian pharaoh who died in 1213 BC.

A team of Israeli archaeologists has discovered a burial cave dating back to the time of Pharaoh Rameses II of ancient Egypt.

The Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) announced the find on Tuesday when the team found pottery shards and bronze artifacts dating back to the reign of the ancient Egyptian king, who died in year 1213 BC.

The cave was discovered on a beach when a mechanical excavator working in Palmahim National Park crashed into its roof, and archaeologists used ladders to descend into the spacious man-made square cave.

In a video released by the IAA, archeologists shine a flashlight at dozens of ceramic vases of various shapes and sizes.

Bowls – some painted red, some containing bones – can be seen in the cave along with foot cups, cooking pots, storage jars, lamps and bronze or pointed arrowheads.

The objects are burial offerings to accompany the deceased on their final journey to the afterlife, found intact since being placed there about 3,300 years ago.

At least one relatively intact skeleton was also found in two rectangular cells in the corner of the cave.

“The cave can provide a complete picture of Late Bronze Age preservation customs,” said Eli Yannai, an IAA Bronze Age expert.

It’s an “extremely rare … once-in-a-lifetime discovery,” Yannai said, pointing to the cave’s excess wealth that remained sealed off until it was recently discovered.

The finds date back to the reign of Rameses II, who controlled Canaan, a territory that roughly includes present-day Israel and Palestinian territories.

The provenance of the ceramic vessels – Cyprus, Lebanon, northern Syria, Gaza and Jaffa – is evidence of the “vibrant trade that took place along the coast”, Yannai said in a statement by the IAA.

The IAA says the cave has been closed and is being protected while excavation plans are being made, the IAA said, noting that “several items” have been plundered from it in a short period of time since the excavation. discovered and closed.

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