Photos: The year in Ukraine, month by month | In Pictures

RussiaThe pre-dawn attack of 24 February shocked the world and shattered the near-common expectation that Russian forces would quickly prevail.

Ukraine fierce resistance, and the Russian army was bogged down on its way to the capital. Russia withdrew its troops from the area around Kyiv in April, leaving behind destroyed buildings, wounded people and hundreds of bodies, which Ukraine and its allies accuse of being evidence of war crimes.

Fighting has also broken out in southern and eastern Ukraine, where Russia has pushed its troops out of territory held by pro-Moscow forces since 2014. The port of Mariupol fell after a brutal three-month siege that left the city The city turned to rubble.

The war revived Cold War-era animosity between Russia and the West, spurred Sweden and Finland to seek NATO membership and sent NATO nations flooding with troops and weapons into Eastern Europe.

As winter approached, the Ukrainian army – backed by weapons, ammunition and training from the US and other allies – pushed Russian forces out of the southern city of Kherson, an uplifting victory. spirit in the midst of a fierce battle that shows no signs of ending.

The war has also sent global energy prices soaring as Moscow squeezes supplies to the West in retaliation for sanctions against Russia and support for Ukraine. Italy, Germany and other countries dependent on Russian oil and natural gas have been scrambling for alternative energy supplies. With millions of people suddenly struggling to pay their energy bills, governments have come under intense pressure to step in to help.

Ukraine and Russia are suppliers of wheat, barley, sunflower oil and – in Russia’s case – fertilizer, and the war has also pushed up food prices and raised fears of shortages. Global. A United Nations-brokered agreement to allow grain ships to leave Ukraine’s Black Sea port was signed in July.

In recent months, Russia has targeted its energy infrastructure to cut off electricity and heat Ukrainians, as the cold winter approaches. And although the Ukrainian government is trying to act as quickly as possible, it is practically impossible to restore electricity to every single person in the country, including the more than three million residents of the capital.

“We… are preparing for the worst winter of our lives,” Kyiv resident Anastasia Pyrozhenko said on November 20.

As winter approaches, Russia launches rocket The attacks targeted Ukraine’s infrastructure, temporarily cutting power in many areas of the country and leaving millions facing a cold, dark winter.

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