Prenatal MRI scans of children help identify autism-related brain differences according to a study to be presented at the American Anatomy Society annual meeting during Experimental Biology (EB) 2022 meeting, in Philadelphia.
Nearly 1 in 68 children in the US are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). – a complex neurodevelopmental disorder.
‘Significant brain structural differences suggestive of autism can now be monitored at 25 weeks’ gestation by prenatal brain scans, tied to evidence of early autism’s development. ‘
“Early detection means better treatment. Our results suggest that an increase in the volume of the medial lobes (the deep brain region for sensory perception, social behavior, and decision-making) may be,” is a prenatal MRI biomarker (at 25 weeks gestation) that can predict the occurrence of ASD later in life,” Alpen Ortug, PhD, a postdoctoral researcher at the Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, first author of the study.
“Since many genetic and environmental factors can influence the occurrence of ASD beginning in the fetal stage, it is ideal to identify the earliest signs of brain abnormalities in prospective autistic patients. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to semi-automatically segment brain regions during the prenatal period in patients subsequently diagnosed with autism and compare control groups. various symptoms,” Ortug said.