Strengthening multilateralism ‘only way’ to peaceful world for all: Guterres |
The meeting is coming at an extremely challenging time for multilateralism and global governance, with the international order “in danger of disintegrating at the seams”, he said, citing challenges including including the climate emergency, COVID-19 pandemic, the war in Ukraine, and new and evolving forms of conflict.
“Strengthening multilateralism – the theme of this session – is not an option, but a necessity.Guterres said in a video message.
“It’s the only way to avoid widespread food shortages, deepening climate chaos, and waves of poverty and desperation that will leave the country untouched.”
Climate crisis top priority
The head of the UN outlined three areas of urgent need for multilateral action: growing climate emergency; food, energy and financial crises, and uneven recovery from the pandemic.
The climate crisis is our number one emergency, he said, warning that the fight to keep global temperatures from rising to the 1.5-degree target “win or lose” by the end of the decade this.
“You represent the major economies – and 80 per cent of global emissions,” he told the foreign ministers. “The responsibility to prevent the worst effects of the climate crisis rests largely on your shoulders“.
‘Renewable energy revolution’
While global mandates would need a 45% reduction from 2010 levels to reach the 1.5-degree target, current national climate commitments would result in a 14% increase by 2030.
Describe this as “Group suicide”The head of the United Nations called for a “renewable energy revolution”, in which the top priority is to end the global addiction to fossil fuels.
This means no new coal plants or oil and gas expansion, he said. Furthermore, emerging economies must have access to the resources and technology to transition to renewable energy.
“Richer Countries must finally make good on its $100 billion climate finance pledge to developing countries, starting this year. We also need a radical push for early warning and adaptive systems,” he said.
Stabilizing food and energy markets
With the war in Ukraine magnifying other crises, leading to rising food and fertilizer prices, the UN chief stressed the “real risk” of more hunger this year and the possibility of worse. more by 2023.
Meanwhile, record high energy prices have caused power outages and fuel shortages.
“We need to work together to bring stability to global food and energy markets and support developing economies. Ukraine’s food production, Russian-made food and fertilizer, must be brought back to world markets – despite the war, he said.
The UN is working to find a plan that will allow the safe and secure export of Ukrainian-produced food through the Black Sea, and unfettered access to global markets for food and beverages. Russian fertilizers.
“But even if we try to increase the supply, we need provide the resources and financial space now to the poorest countries and communities“I said.
“The global financial system must use all the tools at its disposal, with flexibility and understanding, to achieve this.”
New global trading
Meanwhile, many developing countries have suffered severe economic damage during the pandemic but are unable to access the financial resources to recover.
Mr. Guterres stressed that a New Global Agreement was needed to rebalance power and financial resources, and to allow these countries to invest in Sustainable development goals (SDGs).
“The international debt structure requires urgent reform. We need a restructuring and debt forgiveness framework that works with vulnerability in mind,” he said.
More work is needed to increase the number of countries that can produce COVID-19 vaccines, therapies and tests, by sharing licenses and providing technical and financial support.
© UNICEF / Thoko Chikondi
Unite to deliver
The Secretary-General stressed that the world demands a more effective, networked and inclusive multilateralism, saying that “we need to combine the strength of existing institutions to solve the problem together.” address humanity’s most pressing challenges”.
The UN is working with countries to develop the recommendations contained in the Secretary-General’s Text Our Common Agenda report, which focuses on strengthening multilateralism.
These include the proposed biennial Summits to work towards a more resilient, inclusive and sustainable global economy.
The Summits will bring together the G20, the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), international financial institutions, and the Office of the Secretary-General.