Supermassive black hole formed in the noble gas region behind the deadliest quasar: Study
Scientists have managed to determine one of the biggest mysteries in astrophysics recently – the formation of quasars in the early universe. These cosmic entities were first detected in 2003, and soon after, more than 200 quasars have been identified by supermassive black holes. These 200 quasars formed within the first billion years after the formation of the universe. Scientists have never been able to determine with certainty how these quasars formed so early in the universe. Now, a team of researchers has discovered that these primordial quasars formed spontaneously in the chaotic conditions of the early universe’s noble gas reservoirs.
“The First Super Mass black hole simply a natural consequence of the formation of structure in cold dark matter universes – the children of the cosmic web,” speak Dr Daniel Whalen from the University of Portsmouth.
Dr Whalen led the team of researchers behind the study to determine the origin of quasar. The research published on July 6 in Nature.
The researchers used a Super computer models to run simulations of where these quasars might form. Scientists discovered that quasars formed when black holes were supermassive, with masses at least 1,00,000 times our own. Sun, in regions of space where there are extremely strong cold gas flows with strong concentrations. These gas flows are only found in about a dozen areas per region space 1 billion light years.
“Thus, the only primordial clouds that can form quasars shortly after cosmic dawn – when the first cloud stars inside The universe formed – it is also convenient to create their own giant seeds. This beautiful, simple result not only explains the origin of the first quasars, but also the demographics – their numbers in the early days,” said Dr Whalen.
Quasars are some of the most powerful and energetic objects in the universe. Found in the heart of far Galaxy, quasars are powered by supermassive black holes with masses ranging from millions to tens of billions of times the mass of the Sun. These black holes accumulate material nearby that heats up due to friction and pressure as they fall toward the black hole. The heat and electromagnetic energy generated in this way is then released by the quasars as electromagnetic energy.