In July, the Taliban announced a meeting of handpicked people. priest to decide the fate of the education ban. But only two clerics supported the girls’ education. Since then, the Taliban have not made any progress on whether they are willing to compromise.
“Initially, we hoped that they would reopen schools, but as time went on we noticed that, no, they were doing something else. They just make judgments against women every day,” Nazhand said. “I don’t think they’re ready to reopen schools, the Taliban don’t have any problems with girls’ schools, but they want to exploit them politically. They want to continue to rule society by banning girls’ schools. They benefit from imposing restrictions on women because they cannot do that on men.”
After US military intervention in Afghanistan In late 2001 after ousting the Taliban from power, the war-torn country saw a series of socioeconomic reforms and reconstruction programs. Post-Taliban Constitution, ratified in 2004, expanding women’s rights to school, vote, work, serve in civic organizations, and protest. In 2009, for the first time in the country’s history, a woman ran for president.
But four decades of war and hostilities have caused massive damage to Afghanistan’s basic infrastructure, including the nation’s educational assets.
And even before the Taliban came to power on August 15 last year, a report by UNICEF found that Afghanistan was struggling with more than 4.2 million children out of school, 60% of whom were girls. Although the potential costs of not educating boys and girls are high in terms of income lost, not educating girls is particularly costly due to the relationship between education level and schooling. children delay getting married and having children, entering the workforce, making choices about their own future, and investing more in their children’s health and education later in life. The analysis indicates that Afghanistan will not be able to regain the GDP lost in the transition and achieve its true potential productivity without fully realizing girls’ rights to access and complete secondary education. . UNICEF also estimates that if the current group of 3 million girls were able to complete secondary education and enter the job market, it would contribute at least $5.4 billion to the Afghan economy. .
Amnesty International Report also said that the Taliban had prevented women across Afghanistan from working.
“Most female government employees are asked to stay home, with the exception of those working in certain sectors such as health and education,” the report states. “In the private sector, many women have been fired from senior positions. The policy of the Taliban seems to be that they will only allow women who cannot be replaced by men to continue working. Women who continue to work told Amnesty International that they find it extremely difficult to face the Taliban’s restrictions on their dress and behaviour, such as asking doctors to Female doctors avoid treating male patients or coming into contact with male colleagues.”
“Twenty years ago, when the Taliban took control of Afghanistan, the first thing they did was ban women from accessing education,” says Nazhand. “The Taliban has isolated a large number of women and is an illiterate population; The result is a crippled and backward society. We should not forget that the Taliban are still suffering from the radical and repressive mindset they held 20 years ago. We shouldn’t always be the women of 20 years ago, and we won’t stay silent.”
Security threats and acts of terrorism are also of great concern to students in Afghanistan. In late October, a suicide bomber attacked a classroom with more than 500 students in western Kabul, killing at least 54 graduate students – among them 54 young girls. The attack marked the second deadly attack on educational centers in the country since the Taliban came to power.