Health

The relationship between hallucinations and consciousness has been identified


“This study demonstrates that when beliefs change after a psychedelic experience, mental attribution,” says Sandeep Nayak, MD, postdoctoral fellow at the Johns Hopkins Center for Consciousness and Illusion Research. knowledge for different entities tends to increase. study. “It’s not clear why, whether it could be an innate drug effect, cultural factors, or whether hallucinations could somehow expose innate cognitive biases that underlie traits of mind to the world or not.”

For the study, researchers analyzed data collected between August 2020 and January 2021 on 1,606 people who had had a belief-altering delusional experience. Participants were on average 35 years old and predominantly Caucasian (89%), male (67%), and from the United States (69%).

Study participants completed an internet-based survey consisting of questions focused on changes in belief resulting from a single hallucinogenic experience with a classic hallucinogen (eg, psilocybin mushrooms. , LSD, ayahuasca). The survey also included questions on demographics, hallucinogen use, personality, scientific knowledge, and attitudes.

For example, from before to after the experience, the distribution of consciousness for insects increased from 33% to 57%, for fungi from 21% to 56%, for plants from 26% to 61%, for inanimate natural objects from 8% to 26. % and for inanimate man-made objects from 3% to 15%.

On average, participants said the belief-changing experience in question happened eight years before taking the survey, so these belief changes could be long-lasting.

Classical hallucinations – the pharmacological group of compounds that include psilocybin and LSD – produce visual and auditory hallucinations and profound changes in consciousness, altering a person’s perception of one’s surroundings as well. like their thoughts and feelings. These substances produce unusual and fascinating changes in conscious experience, leading some to suggest that hallucinations may provide unique insights into the nature of consciousness itself.

“The results suggest that a single psychedelic experience can induce a widespread increase in conscious recognition of other things, raising intriguing questions about innate or experiential mechanisms.” can induce such trust changes,” said Dr. Roland Griffiths, Oliver Lee McCabe. III, PhD, Professor of Neuropsychology at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, and founding director of the Johns Hopkins Center for the Study of Consciousness and Illusion. “The subject of consciousness is a notoriously difficult scientific problem leading many to conclude that it is unsolvable.”

Source: Eurekalert



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