On Friday, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration finalized harsher fuel economy standards for fleets, meaning the industry-wide adjusted average is around 49 mpg per vehicle. new passenger vehicles and light trucks by 2026.
These standards are one step higher than the administration’s initial proposal, increasing fleet efficiency by 8% for the 2024 and 2025 model years and then 10% for the 2026 model year.
NHTSA points out that more efficient vehicles will not only save money, but also reduce America’s reliance on fossil fuels. It estimates that the Enterprise Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) requirements – first introduced in 1975 – have cut US oil consumption by 25%, or about 5 million barrels/day.
US Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg said: “These improvements will also make our country less vulnerable to global shifts in oil prices and protect our communities by reducing our carbon footprint. 2.5 billion tons,” said US Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg in a statement about the standards. The authorities also stress that these vehicles will also be safer than ever.
Marengo Charging Plaza, Pasadena, California
This would essentially put fleet emissions slightly higher than the Obama-era regulations, previously imposed by the Trump administration. The Biden administration’s original proposal was achieved by only of those, leading to a protest from environmental groups calls for more aggressive goals to essentially “catch up”. Even when standards help lead to Sales 50% EV For example, by the end of the decade, the U.S. fleet will still contain less than 10% of electric vehicles — based on only a small fraction of vehicles being replaced with new vehicles each year.
Procedurally, the new standards follow an executive order issued in January 2021 directing NHTSA to review the Trump administration. Affordable Fuel Economy (SAFE) Rules introduced in March 2020, cuts the annual improvement set by the Obama administration by 5% to 1.5%, while stagnation in implementation and enforcement Higher fines for automakers that exceed standards. Earlier this week, NHTSA reinstated and increased those penalties starting from the 2022 model year.
2023 Toyota bZ4X at EVgo charging station
The standards do not impose mandatory requirements for the sale of electric vehicles, as is the case with the California ZEV states, but they do provide a regulatory framework that makes them almost inevitable in volume for manufacturers CBU car manufacturers want to continue to produce large volumes of gas. – Attractive truck. It brings with it the current credit framework, including off-cycle credits for some tech items that could boost real-world efficiency, along with a mechanism for transaction credits and Bank.
The CAFE rules are coordinated with emissions policy from the EPA, which set its final rule last year, it is expected that the new rules could lead to approx. 17% of fleets are electric and hybrid vehicles combined in 2026 — compared with estimates of only 8% with the originally proposed standards. Meanwhile, 16 states and the ethanol group have allied to continue to challenge EPAs stricter rulesallege that they favor one technology (EVs) over another.