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U.S., EU line up over 20 more countries for global methane pact By Reuters



© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Methane bubbles are seen in an space of marshland at a analysis submit at Stordalen Mire close to Abisko, Sweden, August 1, 2019.REUTERS/Hannah McKay

By Valerie Volcovici

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Two dozen nations have joined a U.S.- and EU-led effort to slash methane emissions 30% by 2030 from 2020 ranges, giving the rising international partnership momentum forward of its launch on the U.N. local weather summit in Glasgow later this month.

Nigeria, Japan and Pakistan are among the many 24 new signatories to the World Methane Pledge, which was first introduced by the US and EU in September with the purpose of galvanizing speedy local weather motion earlier than the beginning of the Scotland summit on Oct. 31.

The pledge will now cowl 60% of world GDP and 30% of world methane emissions. If fulfilled, it might have a major influence on the power, agriculture and waste sectors liable for the majority of methane emissions.

The brand new signatories embrace Canada, the Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Costa Rica, Cote d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Micronesia, France, Germany, Guatemala, Guinea, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Malta, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, Rwanda, Sweden and Togo, the U.S. State Division and EU confirmed on Monday.

The 9 authentic companions embrace Britain, Indonesia and Mexico, which signed on to the pledge when it was introduced https://www.reuters.com/enterprise/setting/us-eu-make-diplomatic-push-cut-planet-warming-methane-emissions-documents-2021-09-14 final month.

Methane is a greenhouse fuel and the largest explanation for local weather change after carbon dioxide (CO2). A number of latest experiences have highlighted the necessity for governments to crack down on methane to restrict international warming to 1.5 levels C, the aim of the Paris local weather settlement.

U.S. particular local weather change envoy John Kerry mentioned he hoped to have greater than 100 nations signed up in time for the COP26 local weather summit.

“We stay up for welcoming all governments which are able to deal with methane as the one quickest technique that we have now to maintain a safer 1.5C future inside attain,” Kerry mentioned.

Greater than 20 philanthropic organizations, together with ones led by Michael Bloomberg and Invoice Gates, mentioned on Monday they might mobilize over $223 million to help nations’ methane-reduction efforts.

The nations concerned symbolize a spread of various methane emissions profiles. For instance, Pakistan’s principal supply of methane emissions is agriculture, whereas Indonesia’s principal supply is waste. The U.S. and Nigeria, in the meantime, have important oil and fuel sector methane emissions.

“It is a type of instruments which may actually help us in avoiding the tipping level on local weather change. This can be a quick monitor resolution,” Pakistan’s local weather minister Malik Amin Aslam mentioned.

Pakistan contributes lower than 1% of the world’s emissions, however roughly 1 / 4 of the nation’s greenhouse fuel output is methane.

“All of us have completely different beginning factors and completely different native conditions. However we additionally all have the chance to scale back our methane emissions considerably,” European Fee Government Vice President Frans Timmermans mentioned.

A authorities official advised Reuters the US will have interaction with India and China to induce them to hitch the pledge within the weeks main as much as the U.N. local weather summit.

Russian local weather envoy Ruslan Edelgeriev mentioned the nation would analyze the initiative, however dd not verify if it might be a part of.

‘ONE MOVE LEFT’

Methane has a better heat-trapping potential than CO2 however breaks down within the ambiance quicker. A landmark U.N. scientific report launched in August mentioned “sturdy, speedy and sustained reductions” in methane emissions, along with slashing CO2 emissions, may have a quick influence on the local weather.

The USA is because of launch oil and fuel methane laws within the coming weeks, and the European Union will unveil detailed methane laws later this yr.

Canada will even convey ahead regulation to chop methane emissions from the oil and fuel sector at the very least 75% by 2030 from 2012 ranges, local weather minister Jonathan Wilkinson mentioned on Monday.

Larry Kramer, president of the William and Flora Hewlett Basis, which contributed to the $200 million fund, advised Reuters the cash will “assist catalyze local weather motion” and that decreasing methane is the quickest manner to assist perform the 1.5-degree aim.

Durwood Zaelke, president of the Washington-based Institute for Governance and Sustainable Growth, mentioned the partnership was a “nice begin” for focusing the world’s consideration on the necessity to slash methane.

“There’s one transfer left to maintain the planet from disaster — slicing methane as quick as we will from all sources,” he mentioned by e-mail forward of the announcement.





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