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What does the ‘stone of destiny’ have to do with the coronation of King Charles III

News that officials were preparing to transport a mysterious sandstone slab to Westminster Abbey as a key part of King Charles III’s ascension to the throne left many wondering: Where is the Stone of Destiny?

The King’s impending coronation means a revival of many artifacts and traditions that have not seen the light of day for decades.

One of them is the Stone of Destiny, a giant stone that was once part of the throne at Westminster Abbey for centuries after it was stolen from Scotland. The monarchs of England and later Great Britain sit on the throne during coronation ceremonies, with the stone being a symbol of the power of the Monarchy.

The stone is more than half a meter long, with an iron ring set on each side and some crudely carved crosses on the surface, a far cry from the intricate carvings one would expect of a significant artifact. its importance.

Although the pink, pitted rectangle of stone, also known as the Scone Stone, looks simple, it symbolizes hundreds of years of power struggles and strife, with Scottish kings actually posted light on the top of the rock for hundreds of years.

In 1996, the stone was officially returned to Scotland. The coronation of King Charles III will be the first time it has been brought to Westminster since.

HOW A SACRED BECAME STONE

No one really knows the full story of how and why this stone became such a huge symbol.

Its earliest origins have been lost to time, according to Environmental History Scotland (HES), the company that manages Edinburgh Castle, where the stone is often displayed.

There are many legends about its origin, including that it dates back to biblical times and was the stone described by the prophet as a pillow. According to the UK History website, legend holds that it was brought from Syria to Egypt to Spain by King Gathelus, whose descendants then brought the stone to Ireland. It is believed that from there it moved to Scotland with the invading Scots.

Different stories of its origin often contradict each other and other historical facts about the chronology.

But history seems to agree that in 1296, after the stone had been used for hundreds of years in the coronation of Scottish kings, this ancient symbol of the Scottish monarchy was taken by King Edward I of He occupied.

A new throne called the Coronation Chair was built to hold the stone, which was stored on a shelf below the throne’s seat, and it was this throne that was used in all the coronation ceremonies of the kings. followed by Britain and then Great Britain – including the late Queen Elizabeth II.

BACK TO WESTMINSTER

In 1996, the Stone was carefully removed from the throne in favor of Scotland. It took conservation experts more than six hours to carefully lift the rock out of the Coronation Chair.

This is not the first time Scotland has attempted to reclaim its property. In 1950, three students from the University of Glasgow broke into Westminster Abbey to retrieve the stone, dropping it to the floor in the process and breaking off a corner. They managed to escape back to Scotland, and three months later the stone was discovered at a monastery in Scotland and later returned to Westminster Abbey.

When the stone officially returned to Scotland in 1996, 10,000 people lined up to see it on the procession to Edinburgh Castle.

Although the date of King Charles III’s coronation has yet to be officially chosen, HES confirmed that the stone will return to Westminster Abbey for the ceremony.

The group then said in an emailed statement to CTVNews.ca it would be returned to Scotland.

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