Thank God for Germany. That’s not a sentiment that you just simply heard so much all through the 20th century. As a result of the second world battle drew to an in depth, Henry Morgenthau, the US Treasury secretary, argued that the one reply to the German question was the destruction of the nation’s industrial functionality. François Mauriac, the French writer, welcomed the division of the nation, joking “I like Germany so much, I’m glad there are two of them”.
When reunification loomed in 1990, a gathering of primarily British intellectuals, convened by Margaret Thatcher, discussed the German nationwide character. Her chief abroad protection adviser wrote minutes suggesting these have been “in alphabetical order, angst, aggressiveness, assertiveness, bullying, egotism, inferiority superior, sentimentality”.
Thirty years on and these stereotypes about nationwide character have been absolutely reversed. It’s the US and the UK the place politics seem increasingly more liable to “angst, aggressiveness” and all these totally different unattractive, supposedly Teutonic, qualities. These days, it’s German public life that’s characterised by the virtues the British often attribute to themselves — calm, restraint, rationality and compromise.
The newest German election and its aftermath underline the aim. It was an in depth contest, nevertheless the losers accepted the outcomes gracefully. Nobody tried to claim that the voting was rigged or that their opponents have been “scum” — or represented a mortal hazard to the nation.
The Social Democrats now look set to steer a German authorities for the first time since 2005. Nevertheless a transition of vitality gained’t lead to an abrupt rupture in insurance coverage insurance policies or an strive by the political opposition to paralyse the federal authorities, as is occurring throughout the US.
The SPD’s Olaf Scholz, who may flip into chancellor, ran as a continuity candidate. As my FT colleagues reported, voters seen Scholz “alongside along with his quiet method, prolonged experience in authorities and pragmatic politics, as Merkel’s pure successor”. How very completely totally different from the administration profiles of Donald Trump or Boris Johnson.
This reversal of roles is simply not merely one among many ironies of historic previous. It’s the product of historic previous. Not like each different nation that I do know of, Germany has positioned a memorial to its greatest nationwide disgrace correct on the coronary coronary heart of its capital. The Holocaust memorial in Berlin stands near the Brandenburg Gate, the usual centre of city. It’s a picture of latest Germany’s willpower to acknowledge the horrors of Nazism — and to check the teachings.
On account of they know the place demagoguery can lead, mainstream German politicians are allergic to the cult of the chief. No candidate for chancellor would ever boast, as Trump did, that “I alone can restore it”, or encourage chants of “lock her up” about his opponent. Inside the newest election debates, the celebration leaders dealt with each other with an underlying respect and restraint. They know that politics is a vital enterprise. Frank-Walter Steinmeier, Germany’s president, is alleged to be notably contemptuous of Johnson on account of he thinks that the British prime minister treats politics as a sport.
Fashionable Germany is simply not proof in opposition to the hazards of political extremism. In 2020, a crowd of anti-vaxxers and numerous extremists tried, unsuccessfully, to storm the Reichstag. Inside the wake of the refugee catastrophe of 2015, when Merkel allowed over 1m migrants and refugees into the nation, many observers, myself included, predicted a surge in political extremism in Germany. The ambiance throughout the 2017 election was often ugly. The acute-right Varied for Germany celebration gained a large bloc of seats in parliament.
Nevertheless within the newest election, the political extremes of correct and left every lost votes. The centre has not solely held in Germany, it has strengthened. The AfD continues to be sturdy in japanese Germany, nevertheless it’s extra away than ever from nationwide vitality.
One distinction between Germany and totally different large western nations is that high ranges of immigration haven’t radicalised the mainstream correct. Trump received right here to vitality on the once more of a promise to assemble the wall. Johnson gained the Brexit referendum on a pledge to “take once more administration” of Britain’s borders and authorized pointers — notably borders. In France, Michel Barnier, who’s campaigning for the centre-right’s nomination for the French presidency, has often known as for a moratorium on all immigration from exterior the EU. Éric Zemmour, the rising star of the far correct, threatens to throw 2m people abroad.
The German authorities, in opposition to this, continues to make the case for immigration. In August, the top of Germany’s federal labour firm said that the ageing of the nation’s workforce signifies that Germany should let in 400,000 new immigrants yearly — arguing that with out this stage of migration, “there could be a shortage of professional employees all over the place”. Solely the AfD condemned the thought outright.
The vitality of the centre flooring in Germany doesn’t indicate the extinction of debate. It might take months to form a governing coalition. Will in all probability be exhausting to slim protection variations between the Greens, the Free Democrats and the SPD. Nevertheless the very need to assemble a coalition militates in opposition to the political polarisation — and demonisation of the opposition — that has flip into regular throughout the Anglosphere.
Inside the twenty first century, German politics is as quickly as as soon as extra distinctive. Nevertheless this time for an outstanding trigger.
This textual content has been republished to proper the establish of the earlier Treasury secretary Henry Morgenthau
https://www.ft.com/content material materials/f33918ad-5066-4eb5-be20-68515727fac3 | Why Germany is the west’s sanest nation